雅思听力中的逻辑连接词

2017-12-07编辑: 刘亚平来自: 环球教育南京学校

英文作为偏重形合的语言,任何一个语篇都是有一定架构的,语篇中的句子都是通过一些逻辑连接词,听的过程实际上是一个理解语篇情境的过程,语篇中的单词和句子不是单独存在,不能仅仅从词,句子角度来理解,而要从篇章的角度来理解语义。

雅思听力考试考察的使我们获取重点信息的能力,而重点的信息通常有逻辑词引出,故我们把逻辑连接词也叫做逻辑信号词,雅思听力中提高其敏感度对于我们精准获取答案尤为重要。

雅思考试中的逻辑连接词分为以下几种类型:

1. 转折逻辑连接词如but, however, yet,nevertheless等

2. 因果逻辑连接词如because,as, since, so ,thus, therefore等

3. 时间逻辑连接词如 now, at that time, before,recently,later,then,finally,after等

4. 顺序逻辑连接词如 firstly, secondly, thirdly, first, then, finally等

5. 并列逻辑连接词如and,besides,in addition to,both…and,I mean,that is , not only, but also等

6. 让步逻辑连接词如 although,though,even though,even if等

7. 解释说明逻辑连接词如 for example, for instance, like,such as等

这些逻辑连接词之所以重要是因为其经常引出重点的信息,剑桥真题中此种例子举不胜举,现以C10T3S4中的部分题目为例来看下逻辑连接词和雅思听力定位答案点信息的密切关系。

33. the Chronic factor

*comes from one's ________

The ___________ factor

本题对应的一句原文是:second, there is a situational factor which means that the context we are in can make us more likely to focus on one set of goals or the other.

本题对应的是并列的第二个因素,故听到逻辑连接词second时,答案点的信息马上就出现了即situational. 注意逻辑连接词能够提示我们即将出现的答案点信息。

35. Promotional Focus: People think about an ideal version of themselves,their _________ and their gains.

本题对应原文为:for example, when focusing on promotional goals,people consider their ideal self, their aspirations and gains.

本题当录音中出现for example例证进行解释说明时,引出了答案点的信息,同时结合并列逻辑词and不难得出答案aspirations,逻辑连接词就像发送了一个信号弹一样告知我们答案点的信息就要来了。

36. Leadership behavior and ___________ affects people's focus.

对应录音原文:Now that I have talked about the two focuses and how they affect people, I want to look at the ideas that the way leaders behave, or their style of leading, can affect the focus that followers adopt in a specific situation.

Now that 逻辑连接词引出跟题干相关信息,同时注意并列逻辑词 and可以确定跟behavior类似的名词,要的答案即style.

40. Promotion Focus is good for jobs requiring _____________.

对应录音原文:In conclusion, it is important to understand that one focus is not necessarily better than the other one. For a designer who works in a field where a lot of innovation is needed,a promotional focus is probably better.

In conclusion表结果的逻辑词,要下结论的表达,后面的信息固然很重要,其经常引出答案点的信息,此题中推断需要的是名词确定答案innovation.

此外,还有部分逻辑连接词有除了常见类型以外的特殊用法,其表示的关系并非单一的,可依据具体语境信息而改变,其包含的句与句之间的逻辑语义关系不只一种,如and除了基本的并列关系外,还可表示增补,时间,转折,对比等。如

I think they speak at natural speed, so it forces you to get used to it. And they use a lot of slang.(增补 - C5T2S3)

for example, we didn't decide on dates when we'd complete each separate step of the project, and we should have agreed about that in the beginning.(时间顺序 - C5T2S3)

We were inexperienced, and we didn't have a lot of time,and we tried to do too much, to make a  long film.(转折 - C5T2S3)

这些由并列逻辑词and连接的信息点附近出现了答案点的信息,理解其间的逻辑关系对于精准定位甚为重要。清楚语篇的逻辑关系,领会语境中给予的提示,在考试中我们也能根据逻辑连接词很快找到答案,有利于我们提高雅思成绩。

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