Information Containing 关键词勾划技巧

2017-12-26编辑: 朱莹莹来自: 环球教育整理

雅思题型难点中的难点 Information Containing 题型往往很难应对。首先,题型特点方面,这有别于其他的类型,体现在:

1. 题型属于通篇需要泛读类题型,这就意味着全文的扫读十分关键;

2. 一般排列在文章的最后一个大题,在剑桥10与剑12中也有例外,建议考生作为后置处理;

3. 题型内部绝对乱序;

4. 该题型为1对1答案出现,但是也有可能出现重复情况(注意题目指令中的NB提示)

在题干的分析方面,不难发现题干多由名词或名词类短语构成。因此,做题时我们推荐的步骤为浏览信息,划出关键词,通读文章隔断,寻找关键词的对应词或语句。那么,对于这类题,哪些改划为关键词,哪些词又无用是考生们需要搞清的。最近结束的2017年11月2日雅思考试两次出现Information题型的考核,第二篇关于照片与艺术的第14-17题,第三篇关于广告话题33-35题,让我们先一起看下例题:

Questions 14-17 which paragraph contains the following information?

14. Fears voiced about photography   B (法国名人提出了担忧)

15. The skills the photography of artists used   F (the use of light)

16. The attempts of photographers used to imitate paintings   D (故意弄糊照片,甚至刮花照片)

17. influences of photography on art and painting   G (使得大家能够欣赏到艺术品的复制品)

Questions 33-35 which paragraph contains the following information?

33. figure about high failure rate of new products      B

34. a reference to the expenditure on adverts    A

35. examples of types of advertisement connected to the negative desired feelings            E

A  In a busy consumer society, attention is in short supply. When you are going shopping in the supermarket or store, surfing on the Internet or watching television, up to 4,500, or one in 15 seconds that you are exposed to adverts every day. World companies have allocated $400 billion to the consumer products, according to the World Advertising Research Centre

在第二组例题中,我们看到,第34题答案A段中是出现了$400 billion这样的具体金额表述,这体现了题干中expenditure的意义。类似的特殊词帮助定位还有figure一词,在下一段内容中体现为nine out of ten。这说明有时一些具有特殊表述意义的单词可以备借用来反向寻找文章中的表达,以更快的得到对应信息。

B  Jamie Ramsay, director in ID magazine, whose research expertise in consumer behavior proves that nine out of ten new products meet death. This tells us a lesson: traditional adverting ceases to work. It is obvious that even we look at loads of advertisements and brands around us, few of them get our attention.

类似延展:让我们再看一道真题,出自Cambridge 9 Test2 Passage1 新西兰儿童听觉障碍一文的information Containing,以此来更好的总结几种常用的关键词推理方式:

1 an account of national policy initiative

2 a description of a global team effort

3 a hypothesis as to one reason behind the growth in classroom noise

4 a demand for suitable worldwide regulations

5 a list of medical conditions which place some children more at risk from noise than others

6 the estimated proportion of children in New Zealand with auditory problems

1)特殊词联想法

A 数字特征

题型题目文章说明

数据特征对应%较多的段落rate / ratio / proportion / percentage第6题中,提到的proportion一词,表述百分比数据,对应为文章A段的6-10%

数据特征对应数字集中的段落number / figure / amount statistical / demographics

数据特征对应¥$符号多的段落financial / cost/expense/

expenditure

数据特征对应时间较多的段落time/ period

B 大写特征

含有place/cities /countries/global/worldwide 等词的信息往往对应大写集中段落, 在文章中体现为地名大写,国际组织机构大写。在第2题中,global team effort 体现在文中对应C段的国际组织机构大写。

2)文章结构联想法

涉及到尾段的提示词与list of headings 题型教学中的特殊词有一些想通之处。需要特别注意的是第一类总结类用词如: conclusion / summary;以及第二类展望类用词如对时间进行展望的 future / in the future / prediction/effect和对空间进行展望的worldwide/global/international。在本文的第4题中就有worldwide一词和文章中的a number of countries 相对应。

3)段落展开联想法

这类题目联想更多借助的是雅思写作段落展开方法如数据列举,对比,平行与排比等。借助写作和阅读的联系可以更好的帮助阅读例题的解答。在第5题中提到了含有名词复数特征的list of medical conditions, 当这个细节在文章中被展开时表现为排比病征的出现,对应了D段落的 The auditory function deficits in question include hearing impairment, autistic spectrum disorders(ASD) and attention deficit disorders(ADD/ADHD).

总之,活用写作和阅读中的关联可以有效的帮助考生们解答Information Containing方面的例题。希望借助练习和总结,考生们可以善于使用审题时的反向推理方式更快的对应到原文的答案。


预约雅思/托福水平在线测试
获取0元体验课程

  • 2018雅思听力
  • 2018雅思阅读
  • 2018雅思口语
  • 2018雅思写作
  • 雅思备考指南