环球教育在线测试系统

浅析雅思大作文常见语法错误

2017-12-26编辑: 袁毅琳来自: 环球教育整理

写句子似乎永远是中国考生的痛,每写必错。在地道英文里有个很有名的说法叫"KISS principal",KISS四个大写字母,等于"Keep it simple, stupid"在战略上,写平实,易懂,不长也不难的句子就是提高句子准确度的最好方法。在战术上,广大烤鸭们特别是语法方面较欠缺的应努力做到:1. 提高语法的准确度 2. 提高用词的准确度

下面我就以剑桥12test6官方学生文章来说明广大烤鸭们在写大作文时常犯的语法错误,希望考生们能意识到语法准确性的重要性,努力在自己的文章中规避这些语法问题。

Nowadays, the people of some countries that have the young people more than the old people. Some people thinks when their contries have the yonge people more than the old people will be good because, that could increases the population in the future. Another people thinks it not good due to some countries limit the population, if that have more young children, it will over limit. This essay will discuss the advantages and disadvantages about in some countries have the young people more than the old people.

One of advantages is increasing the population. In some countries support the family to have more children because that can increases the population in the future. For example, in Singapore, Philiphine and so on. What is more chancing to improve the educations as when they have a lot of young generation, the government could improve a good education. Also, they can develop the systems include the qualified teachers, the good atmosphere.

One of disadvantages is the place for study. If the young generation still a lot, the school will not enough for the study, the government should construct more school. Also, when they have the new schools, the teacher will not enough to teach them. The university should get more student to study about teaching education.

Another disadvantages is the quality of education. If the many students learn in the classroom, the teachers can not take care all. For instance, when they have a problem they will need some help from the teachers. Furthermore, when they grow up, the unemployee problem will happen because the company can not receive everybody to get a job.

In conclusion, in some countries that have the young population more than the old population, the government should manage the education system. Moreover, they should prepare the plans for sloving unemployee problems which can happen in the future.

问题一:句子成分残缺

在口语中交际双方可以借助手势口气上下文等,不完整的句子完全可以理解。但是书面语就不同了,句子成分残缺会使得意思表达不清,影响考官的理解。如此文首段 "Nowadays, the people of some countries that have the young people more than the old people." 此句话便缺少谓语动词,使得句子的意思不明。再比如说第二段 "In some countries support the family to have more children because…" 此句便是缺主语,可以改为 "In some countries, the government supports families to have…" 再如下文第三段之中 "If the young generation still a lot, the school will not enough for the study, the government should construct more school." 此句是个表示假设关系的复杂句,虽然考生尝试使用从句,但明显在主句和从句部分都缺少谓语动词,并且主句部分还出现了多个主谓结构,所以此句明显在语法准确性上扣分。

问题二:不一致

所谓不一致,不光指主谓不一致,还包括了数的不一致,时态不一致以及代词不一致等。比如 "Some people thinks when their contries have the yonge people more than the old people will be good" 就此句而已,词汇和语法两项都得扣分,countries和young这样的基本词汇都能拼写错误,足见考生基础较薄弱。而此句在语法方面的主要问题是thinks与主语some people在单复数上不一致。而此文语法准确性较差还体现在名词单复数上多处出错。如 "Another people thinks it not good due to some countries limit the population" another释义是另一个,而people是典型的集合名词,这两个词显然不搭,此句话应改为 "other people think limiting the population is not good.." 再如 "What is more chancing to improve the educations…" 显然education是个抽象名词,属于不可数名词的范畴,不能在词尾加-s 当然在下文中还有名词单复数的问题,如 "the government should construct more school" 既然意思是政府应该建更多学校,那么school作为一个可数名词,此处显然应是schools 还有代词的不一致也是学生在写文章时常见的语法错误,如结尾段第一句是提到了the government should manage… 而第二句是写到了they should prepare the plans for solving employment problems..本句中they与前文之中的government 显然单复数上不一致

问题三:句子多成分

有些学生的文章语法错误泛滥,很大一部分是由于句子多成分,尤其是指一个简单句中出现多个谓语动词,此文也没有避开这样的错误,如 "Also, they can develop the systems include the qualified teachers, the good atmosphere." 显然此句之中有两个动词develop和include,其实改法很简单,只要把后者include改成including即可。当然多成分不光是多谓语动词,也可能多出其他成分。如 "Some companies have plans to replace for their human workers with robots." 此句之中显然replace之后的介词for应去掉,因为replace是及物动词,而及物动词后面必须直接跟宾语,不能加介词。

问题四:搭配不当

由于中英文表达的差异,广大考生在写文章时经常会出现搭配不当这个错误,如此文之中"the government could improve a good education" 提高与良好的教育显然不搭,所以应删掉good, 写成improve education 在下文中 "The university should get more student to study about teaching education." Teaching education 这个短语让人费解,可以改成teaching theory

其实英文中的介词搭配也特别容易出错,但是从应试角度,应该熟记①动词和介词的搭配,如lead to, suffer from, agree with, depend on… ②名词和介词的搭配,如effects on…, reasons for…

问题五:句子累赘冗长

很多烤鸭想必都觉得句子越长越好,显得越是高端,其实句子可以复杂,但绝不要啰嗦冗长。最好秉持这样的原则:写句子没有一个多余的词;写段落没有一个无必要的句子。能用单词的不用词组,能用词组的不用从句。比如:In spite of the fact that he is lazy, I like him.  我们按照上述"能用词组的不用从句"原则可以改为In spite of his laziness, I like him.

再如:For the people who are diligent and kind, money is just the thing to be used to buy the thing they need. 整个句子可以大大简化为:Diligent people use money only to buy what they want.

以上就是雅思写作之中常见的语法错误,供大家在 雅思考试 前参考学习,各位在通过各类雅思写作话题练习的过程中,除了要注意加深自己对于句子的掌握以及词汇的运用,同时也要注意总结自己容易犯的错误,并且重点去纠正


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