环球教育在线测试系统

托福综合写作的"读"要点

2017-05-10编辑: 孔菲来自: 环球教育整理

综合写作的读是综合写作的基础。综合写作的读不仅阅读文章,而且还包括记阅读笔记,从而预测听力内容。

要领一:

综合写作的阅读文章通常是4段。总分结构----首段+三段主体段。

分析TPO6综合写作阅读文章

Communal online encyclopedias represent one of the latest resources to be found on the Internet. They are in many respects like traditional printed encyciopedias, however, is that any internet user can contribute a new article or make an editorial change in an existing one. As a result, the encyclopedia is authored by the whole community of Internet users. The idea might sound attractive, but the communal online encyclopedias have several important problems that make them much less valuable than traditional, printed encyclopedias

First, contributors to a communal online encyclopedia often lack academic credentials, thereby making their contributioins partially informed at best and downright inaccurate in many cases. Traditional encyclopedias are written by trained experts who adhere to standards of academic

rigor that nonspecialists cannot really achieve.

Second, even if the original entry in the online encyclopedia is correct, the communal nature of these online encyclopedias gives unscrupulous users and vandals or hackers the opportunity to fabricate, delete, and corrupt information in the encyclopedia. Once changes have been made to the original text, an unsuspecting user cannot tell the entry has been tampered with. None of this is possible with a traditional encyclopedia.

Third, the communal encyclopedias focus too frequently, and in too great a depth, on trivial and popular topics, which created a false impression of what is important and what is not. A child doing research for a school project may discover that a major historical event receives as much attention in an online encyclopedia as, say, a single long-running television program. The traditional encyclopedia provides a considered view of what topics to include or exclude and contains a sense of proportion that online "democratic" communal encyclopedias do not.

1.首段的阅读

明确文章的谈论对象,"不要害怕"有些人不认识谈论对象,如: encyclopedia, Terreya taxifolia, Edmonotosaurus等。

主要不影响阅读内容的理解,并不需要纠结谈论对象的含义的百分之百的精确把握。在很多情况下,文章第一段会对象进行解释。

比如TPO6综合写作阅读文章第一段的时候,有一句话对encyclopedia做了解释,:They are in many aspects like traditional printed encyclopedias, collections of articles on various subjects.

Edmonotosaurus?

但当学生生读完Paleontologists have proposed that one of the most common North Slope dinosaurs, the elephant-sized edmontosaur  (Edmontosaurus), survived the  winter  by migrating  south  to  more  hospitable regions.

这句话之后 ,马上就能知道它是一种和大象形状类似的恐龙 。

抓住文章的观点,文章的第一段的观点都会在第一段中出现,往往第一段的最后一句话。

TPO6综合写作阅读文章第一段的最后一句话:

but the communal online encyclopedias have several important problems that make them much less valuable than traditional, printed encyclopedias

2,主体段的阅读

1、主体段的把握需要把握各段首句

TPO6

分论点一 contributors to a communal online encyclopedia often lack academic credentials

分论点二 fabricate, delete, and corrupt information in the encyclopedia

分论点三 the communal encyclopedias focus on trivial and popular topics

听力不仅是对阅读文章观点和分论点的反驳,更是对阅读文章中论据和细节的反驳。需要学生重视在主体段的阅读中对论据和细节。

1)论据。一般而言,每段主体段都会有两个论据来支撑起分论点。

分论点一 lack academic credentials。

making their contributions partially informed at best and downright inaccurate in many cases

Traditional encyclopedias are written by trained experts who adhere to standards of academic

rigor that nonspecialists cannot really achieve.

分论点二fabricate, delete, and corrupt information in the encyclopedia

unscrupulous users and vandals or hackers

an unsuspecting user cannot tell the entry has been tampered with

分论点三 focus on trivial and popular topics

created a false impression of what is important and what is not

The traditional encyclopedia provides a considered view of what topics to include or exclude

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